1) THE GROOM
LS’s attire’s a myeonbok, a ceremonial robe that the Joseon kings used to wear for official occasions such as the garye (a royal wedding), jaesa (paying homage to deceased ancestors), jongmyo (where the mortuary tablets were kept), the coronation, the daily morning audience, the royal ancestral rites and many others. There are 2 types of myeonbok – a gujangbok (nine symbol dress) for the king and a sibijangbok(twelve symbol dress) for the emperor. The rulers of the Joseon dynasty used to wear a gujangbok until King Gojong declared himself an emperor and started wearing a sibijangbok.
Gujangbok is the king’s full court dress and is so called because there are nine kinds of symbols embroidered on the dress. Embroidered on the robe are 5 yang symbols: dragons on the shoulders, mountains on the back, fire (brightness), pheasant and tiger-designed wine barrels (eternity).
The mountains signify Earth, dragons and pheasants refer to the rain and clouds. Embroidered on the skirt are 4 ying symbols: millet, rice grains (feeding the people), axes (decisiveness) and fire (brightness). The dress made of silk fabrics is reddish black outside and purple inside. The length of the robe is so designed as not to hide the symbols on the skirt which is also made of rosy pink silk.
Husu refers to the tasseled rear trimmings of the skirt. They are again made of silk, embroidered with red flowers, and two gold rings hang on the tassels. The tassels are colored in six colors: yellow, while, red, reddish black, orange, and green, symbolizing four directions or four seasons.
Pyeseul,a red kneepad trimmed with black silk-fabric patches attached to the waist belt, but nowadays is sewn to the skirt.
The inner garment (here almost invisible), known as jungdan, is white in color and lined with blue fabrics on the hems.
Daedae is the red and white waistband used to tie the skirt.
The waist belt, hyeokdae, is ornamented with jade on the front, but not on the back. Usually, there was a pair of jade plates called paeok (jade accessories) hung from hyeokdae on both sides of their waist, that made cheerful sounds when the King walked, however, LS wasn’t seen to wear them.
His head is covered with a myeonryugwan, a crown designed specifically for thegujangbok with nine jade-beaded, nine-inch-long strings hang each from the front and the back, with the beads colored in the order of yellow, black, white, red and blue. A golden hairpin is used to set the mortarboard-shaped headpiece firmly on the head, with two purple strings hanging from each side to be knotted under the chin.The two strings also help the hairpin fixed stable. The number of jade-beaded strings show the status of the bearer: 12 for the emperor, 9 for the king, and 8 for the crown prince.
A pair of red mal (lined socks) covers his feet together with seok aka the red ceremonial shoes. Both were used specifically for ritual and ceremonial purposes.
The object that is held by LS, IK and all the officials is a gyu, a rectangular tablet with a pointed end, which was an emblem of office that was held upright with both hands in front of the chest.e. For kings and crown princes, gyu is made of blue jade, 9 inches long.
Sources: Blog Naver, SBS official website, google images, http://www.han-style.com/english/hanbok/royal.jsp,